Dressing in Layers
Winters mostly here so it is time to dress the part. To be comfortable in the cold, layering is essential.
The trick to layering is to combine the right clothing in the proper order, trapping the air warmed by your body heat while letting moisture vapor from your body’s perspiration be conducted away from your skin.
Layer 1: Wicking The first layer for cold-weather exposure should keep you warm and dry on the inside. Since it’s what touches your skin, it also makes sense to wear something soft, lightweight and pliable. The best material for long underwear are those that “wick” wetness away from your skin quickly and effectively.
Layer 2: Insulation The secret to staying warm and dry when temperatures fall is to make sure you’re well insulated against the cold. The moisture that’s wicked away from your skin has to keep moving. The best insulators will trap warm air, but offer necessary ventilation when you start too overheat. Clothing that gives you the best insulation should be comfortable and lightweight such as fleece.
Layer 3: The Shell The third or outside layer is your last line of defense, so outerwear should be appropriate for your activity. Jackets and pants must allow perspiration vapor to vent while blocking wind and rain. The material must reduce heat loss and assist the rest of your layers in keeping you dry and comfortable. The invention of GORE-TEX® fabric revolutionized cold-weather outerwear. Able to withstand the most severe rain and snow while allowing perspiration vapor to escape, GORE-TEX® fabric has proven to be durable and windproof for a wide range of physical activities.
Other items to Consider
Hat: Body heat escapes through your head.
Gloves: Always wear a good pair of gloves that are breathable and waterproof.
Footwear: Durably waterproof, breathable footwear will provide you with the insurance you need to enjoy your outdoor activity. Add to that a heavy pair of synthetic-fiber (such as polypropylene or polyester) socks and a thin pair of wicking socks, and your days of cold feet should well be over.