Canyoneering Terminology A-D


Abseil Rappelling is a more common name for it. Sliding down a rope under control.

Aid Climbing The use of anything other than the natural rock features.

Alpine Style Canyoneering in a self-sufficient manner carrying food, gear, ropes, equipment etc.

Anchor Point where the rope is secured to the rock with bolts, rocks, slings, trees or other gear.

Arete A narrow ridge.

Ascenders Mechanical devices used to ascend a rope.

Autoblock Presewn or tied loop that is wrapped around the rappelling rope as a secondary brake. Can also be used to ascend a rope in an emergency

Batman To climb the rope hand over hand with a supporting surface for the feet.

Beer Canyoneering recover drink

Belay To secure a climber with a rope.

Beta Canyon information or advice about a route

Biner Short for carabiner

Bivouac/Bivi Camp in the middle of a route.

Blood Fluid that is excreted to mark a canyoneering route.

Bolt An expansion bolt used by newbies to simplify a route.

Bombay A wide silo or bell shaped void directly under a very narrow section in a canyon.

Bombproof The illusion that an anchor is infallible or something is exceptionally solid (ie a pack)

Booty Gear left behind by previous party.

Boulder Climbing unroped on boulders or at the base of climbs to a height where it is still safe to jump off.

Bridging involves hands on one side, feet on the other, facing down.

Bunny Strap A length of webbing or a daisy chain with a carabiner attached which will allow you to hang your pack from your harness while you chimney, climb and stem.

Buttress The part of the mountain or rock that stands in front of the main mountain face.

Cam A spring loaded device that is inserted it into a crack or pocket in the rock and releasing the trigger to allow the cams to expand to attach a rope

Carabiner A metal snap-link used for purposes such as attaching climbers to anchors. This most essential climbing device is also known as a “biner”.

Chain Reactor Similar to a Daisy Chain but stronger. Can also be used for a personal Anchor

Chimney A wide crack that accommodates the body of the climber.

Chimneying involves feet on one side, back on the other, more or less facing sideway or up.

Chockstone A stone wedged into a crack or chimney. Can be very small to gigantic.

Chute A very steep gully.

Clip In The process of attaching to belay lines or anchors for protection.

Crux The hardest part of the route.

Daisy Chain A sling sewn with numerous loops.

Deadman A natural anchor consisting of a large stone wrapped with webbing and buried just above a rappel. Or what you may become if your natural anchor fails.

Downclimbing What skilled canyoneers do instead of rappelling.


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